Sugar ki alamat

Dr. Khalid Mahmud Khan Consultant Physician Hypertension Specialist, Gastroenterologist MBBS, FCPS, MRCP Days: Monday to Saturday Timing: 05-09 PM Consultation Fee Rs. 3000/-


Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The signs and symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. The two most common types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Here are the signs and symptoms associated with each type:

Type 1 Diabetes:

  1. Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia): Increased thirst is often one of the earliest symptoms of diabetes. The body may try to flush out excess sugar through increased urination, leading to dehydration and thirst.

  2. Frequent Urination (Polyuria): High levels of glucose in the blood can lead to increased urine production, causing frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia).

  3. Increased Hunger (Polyphagia): Despite eating regularly, individuals with type 1 diabetes may feel constantly hungry due to the body’s inability to use glucose properly for energy.

  4. Unexplained Weight Loss: Even with increased hunger and food intake, individuals with type 1 diabetes may experience unintentional weight loss. This is because the body is unable to properly use glucose for energy and begins to break down muscle and fat for fuel.

  5. Fatigue and Weakness: Without enough glucose to fuel the body’s cells, individuals with type 1 diabetes may experience fatigue, weakness, and overall low energy levels.

  6. Blurry Vision: High blood sugar levels can cause fluid to be pulled from the lenses of the eyes, leading to blurred vision.

  7. Mood Changes: Fluctuations in blood sugar levels can affect mood and concentration, leading to irritability, mood swings, and difficulty concentrating.

  8. Frequent Infections: High blood sugar levels can weaken the immune system, making individuals more prone to infections, especially of the skin, gums, urinary tract, and genitals.

Type 2 Diabetes:

  1. Similar Symptoms to Type 1 Diabetes: Many of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes overlap with those of type 1 diabetes, including excessive thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision.

  2. Slow Healing Wounds: High blood sugar levels can impair circulation and damage blood vessels, leading to slow healing of cuts, bruises, and infections.

  3. Tingling or Numbness in Extremities: Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage nerves, leading to a condition called diabetic neuropathy. Symptoms may include tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands and feet.

  4. Recurrent Yeast Infections: High levels of glucose in the blood and urine can promote the growth of yeast, leading to recurrent yeast infections, especially in women.

  5. Darkened Skin Patches: A condition called acanthosis nigricans can cause darkened, velvety skin patches, typically in the armpits, neck, groin, and other skin folds. This is often associated with insulin resistance, a hallmark of type 2 diabetes.

  6. Gestational Diabetes: In pregnant women, gestational diabetes may develop, leading to high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Symptoms may include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision.

It’s important to note that some individuals with type 2 diabetes may not experience noticeable symptoms, especially in the early stages of the disease. Therefore, regular screening for diabetes is recommended, particularly for individuals with risk factors such as obesity, family history of diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, and poor dietary habits. If you experience any of these symptoms or have concerns about diabetes, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and management. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications associated with diabetes.

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